On February 12, 2013, Lusia Reinoso, a 61 year old home health aide, was exiting a city bus down the wheelchair ramp behind her patient who was in a motorized wheelchair when, without warning, the ramp was activated and Reinoso was propelled onto the sidewalk.

In Ms. Reinoso’s ensuing lawsuit, the jury found the

On September 29, 2013, Stelios Hadjidemetriou was stopped at a red light in Astoria when his car was struck in the rear causing his knee to strike the dashboard. He sued the other driver alleging a knee injury.

After the Queens jury returned a liability verdict in plaintiff’s favor, a damages trial was conducted