On June 10, 2000, then six year old Erica Carrasquilla slipped and fell while climbing up a wet ladder on a playground slide at New York City’s Van Voorhees Park in Brooklyn. She sustained a supraondylar fracture of her dominant left arm’s elbow requiring closed reduction under anesthesia with the placement of percutaneous pins.


On September 1, 2000 Jennifer Arietta was struck by an eight foot piece of plywood accidentally dropped from the third floor window at 513 Beekman Avenue in the Bronx. The plank was being used as a window cover by contractors renovating the building and ten year old Jennifer just happened to be walking on the